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2008-11-15 22:30:43
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ECM Pegasus Text



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Contest Ran: November 05, 2006 to February 15, 2007.

This creature session is now closed!

Thank you to all that contributed!

Congratulations to:

[Artsieladie] - Best Contributor


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Back to ECM pegasus

Pegasus


This wiki-page is created to gather information and combine our efforts to make the wiki-page Pegasus be the best page about pegasus there is on the entire Internet.

See the writing rules on Elftown Creature Marathon. Help correcting each others' texts, but if you want to do big changes, it's often better to copy the page to a suggestion-page, or ask first. If you create a new page like pegasus anatomy name it exactly like that, and not something like "Heddas peg ana". It will of course be replaced if someone comes up with a better page or adds to your page, but please don't kill them for it ;)

So if you have any kind of text, image, link or anything that can help, please add it here or make a comment about it! People who help out a lot will be considered part of the work and will get credited on the best pegasus-page on the Internet when we're done with it. And we'll also select the best one out of us (Except the judges [Hedda] and [xido] that can't win, but we'll help as much as we can and we'll vote).

And remember: It's not just you against the rest of the team. It's also Elftown against the world!

The crew

Judges: [Hedda], [xido]
Writers: [Elisha Kelly]

External resources that might be good


http://www.google.se/search?q=pegasus

Needed


More intro-presentations, chapters, someone keeping an eye on who does what...

Intros
heddas pegasus ([Hedda])
Elysiann pegasus - needs work... feel free to add to.
SilverFire Pegasus
*Artsie's* Pegasus - The Great Winged One

Suggestions for chapters
pegasus anatomy ([xido])
pegasus in fantasy literature (empty)
pegasus in classic literature (empty)
pegasus in role-playing games (D&D stats from www.wizards.com/dnd/ by [xido])
pegasus in movies (some mentions)
pegasus related creatures
pegasus poetry

Outside Links - Sources:

http://www.pantheon.org/articles/p/pegasus.html might be used as the Greek reference, but there might be better pages out there. Surfers needed! ;)

http://www.winshop.com.au/annew/Pegasus.html - has many interesting facts about the constellation, history and meanings and stuff.

http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/pegasus.htm

http://www.ufrsd.net/staffwww/stefanl/myths/pegasus.htm

http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HipposPegasos.html

http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761570460/Pegasus_(mythology).html

http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_text_bullfinch_16.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus

http://www.moonmoth.demon.co.uk/pegasos_coins.html

Pegasus was born to Poseidon by Medusa, one of the three Gorgon Sisters. See http://dir.yahoo.com/Society_and_Culture/Mythology_and_Folklore/Mythology/Greek/Gorgons
http://www.loggia.com/myth/gallerymedusa.html
http://www.loggia.com/myth/medusa.html
Medusa's Gorgon sisters, Stheno and Euryale - http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Gorgones.html


Pages on flying creatures and exactly how big and strong those wings have to be:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspect_ratio_%28wing%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wing_loading

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_anatomy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_flight
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_skeleton
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_and_gliding_animals
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/274/5290/1164


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Related: There is, of course, a Felgasus:
<img:http://www.elftown.com/stuff/wingedlilo.jpg>
"Lilo" by [Shreya]


All aspects for the ECM Pegasus are now CLOSED!

Thank you to all that contributed!



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The Elftown Creature Marathon Creature Pages
are always open for improvement!

For submissions of art, photos, poetry, and text that may be useful to improve the ECM pages of creatures already featured, go to:

ECM Closed Sessions' Submissions.



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2006-11-07 [Guardian]: We studied the Pegasus from Edith Hamilton's Mythology. According to legend, Pegasus was born when Perseus beheaded Medusa. Bellerophon tamed Pegasus to serve as his steed during his travels, which include his famous slaying of the Chimaera. When he tried to fly Pegasus to Mount Olympus he was taken off Pegasus by Zeus. Pegasus continued on and made it to Mount Olympus, where he would remain as a carrier for Zeus' thunderbolts. Other myths say that Pegasus threw Bellerophan off and flew into the skies to become a constellation. --> Would this go in classic literature?

2006-11-07 [lyubomir]: In Greek mythology, Pegasus (Greek: Πήγασος (Pégasos)) was a winged horse that was the son of Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and the Gorgon Medusa. Depending on the historical source, the plural for pegasus is pegasi or pegasuses.
Descriptions vary as to the winged stallion's birth and his brother the giant, Chrysaor; some say that they sprang from Medusa's neck as Perseus beheaded her, a "higher" birth, like the birth of Athena from the head of Zeus. Others says that they were born of the earth as Medusa's blood spilled onto it, in which case Poseidon would not be their sire. Athena caught and tamed Pegasus, and presented him to the Muses at Parnassus.

Hesiod connects the name Pegasos with the word for "spring, well", pēgē; everywhere the winged horse struck hoof to earth, an inspiring spring burst forth: one on the Muses' Mount Helicon, the Hippocrene ("horse spring"), at the behest of Poseidon to prevent the mountain swelling too much and another at Troezen. The actual etymology of the name is most likely from Luwian pihassas "lightning", or pihassasas, a weather god (the god of lightning). In Hesiod, Pegasos is still associated with this original significance by carrying the thunderbolts for Zeus.
Pegasus aided the hero Bellerophon, who is a double in some way for Perseus, in his fight against both the Chimera and the Amazons. There are varying tales as to how Bellerophon found Pegasus; some say that the hero found him drinking at the Pierian spring and that Polyidus told Bellerophon how to find and tame him, others that either Athena or Poseidon brought him to Bellerophon.

Prior to aiding Bellerophon, Pegasus brought thunderbolts to Zeus, and following Bellerophon's death he returned to Mount Olympus to aid the gods. In his later life, Pegasus took a wife, Euippe (or Ocyrrhoe) This family is the origin of the winged horses.

Pegasus was eventually turned into a constellation, but a single feather fell to the earth near the city of Tarsus (hence its name).

The word "pegasus" is sometimes used to refer to any winged horse.

...and:
http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/pegasus.htm
http://www.ufrsd.net/staffwww/stefanl/myths/pegasus.htm

2006-11-08 [Skydancer]: Hmm Pegasus is in the film "Clash of the Titans" http://www.amazon.com/Clash-Titans-Harry-Hamlin/dp/customer-reviews/B00005JKO7

2006-11-08 [Skydancer]: ENCYCLOPEDIA

PE′GASUS (Pêgasos). The famous winged horse, whose origin is thus related. When Perseus struck off the head of Medusa, with whom Poseidon had had intercourse in the form of a horse or a bird, there sprang forth from her Chrysaor and the horse Pegasus. The latter obtained the name Pegasus because he was believed to have made his appearance near the sources (pêgai) of Oceanus. Pegasus rose up to the seats of the immortals, and afterwards lived in the palace of Zeus, for whom he carried thunder and lightning (Hes. Theog. 281, &c.; Apollod. ii. 3. § 2, 4. § 2 ; Schol. ad Aristoph. Pac. 722; comp. Ov. Met. iv. 781, &c. vi. 119). According to this view, which is apparently the most ancient, Pegasus was the thundering horse of Zeus; but later writers describe him as the horse of Eos (Schol. ad Hom. Il. vi. 155; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 17), and place him among the stars as the heavenly horse (Arat. Phaen. 205, &c.; Hygin. Poet. Astr. ii. 18 Ov. Fast. iii. 457, &c.).

Pegasus also acts a prominent part in the fight of Bellerophon against the Chimaera (Hes. Theog. 325; Apollod. ii. 3. § 2). After Bellerophon had tried and suffered much to obtain possession of Pegasus for his fight against the Chimaera, he consuited the soothsayer Polyidus at Corinth. The latter advised him to spend a night in the temple of Athena, and, as Bellerophon was sleeping, the goddess appeared to him in a dream, commanding him to sacrifice to Poseidon, and gave him a golden bridle. When he awoke he found the bridle, offered the sacrifice, and caught Pegasus, who was drinking at the well Peirene (Pind. Ol. xiii. 90, &c. with the Schol.; Strab. viii. p. 379). According to some Athena herself tamed and bridled Pegasus, and surrendered him to Bellerophon (Paus. ii. 4. § 1), or Bellerophon received Pegasus from his own father Poseidon (Schol. ad Hom. Il. vi. 155). After he had conquered the Chimaera (Pindar says that he also conquered the Amazons and the Solymi, Ol. xiii. 125), he endeavoured to rise up to heaven with his winged horse, but fell down upon the earth, either from fear or from giddiness, or being thrown off by Pegasus, who was rendered furious by a gad-fly which Zeus had sent. But Pegasus continued his flight (Hygin. Poet. Astr. ii. 18 ; Pind. Isthm. vii. 6; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 17; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 636). Whether Hesiod considered Pegasus as a winged horse, cannot be inferred with certainty from the word apoptamenose; but Pindar, Euripides, and the other later writers, expressly mention his wings.

Pegasus lastly was also regarded as the horse of the Muses, and in this capacity he is more celebrated in modern times than he ever was in antiquity ; for with the ancients he had no connection with the Muses, except that by his hoof he called forth the inspiring well Hippocrene. The story about this well runs as follows. When the nine Muses engaged in a contest with the nine daughters of Pierus on Mount Helicon, all became darkness when the daughters of Pierus began to sing ; whereas during the song of the Muses, heaven, the sea, and all the rivers stood still to listen, and Helicon rose heavenward with delight, until Pegasus, on the advice of Poseidon, stopped its rising by kicking it with his hoof (Anton. Lib. 9); and from this kick there arose Hippocrene, the inspiring well of the Muses, on Mount Helicon, which, for this reason, Persius (Prol. 1) calls fons caballinus (Ov. Met. v. 256). Others again relate that Pegasus caused the well to gush forth because he was thirsty; and in other parts of Greece also similar wells were believed to have been called forth by Pegasus, such as Hippocrene, at Troezene, and Peirene, near Corinth (Paus. ii. 31. § 12; Stat. Theb iv. 60). Pegasus is often seen represented in ancient works of art and on coins along with Athena and Bellerophon.

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. C19th Classics Encyclopedia.

from http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HipposPegasos.html

2006-11-09 [Dark Side of the Moon]: [Hedda], I went ahead and added the links from the comment area (so that they wouldn't get buried in comments and lost) to the list of links on the wiki page and added a couple of my own as well. Question though: for the writing wikis, does the usual UAR apply for images (inlining, free art, etc.)? I've got a couple that I've found in MS Clipart that I would like to use.

2006-11-13 [xido]: Holy monkeys, this is an astounding amount of info on the pegasus! I am impressed. :D

I am mostly involved with the Wizards/D&D rendition of the creatures, but this is surely a diverse and informed conglomeration of data, both Earth mythology-based and fantastic in nature. I am also impressed with the amount of legal referencing that has taken place here. It makes it less controversial as a documentable resource.

Great links!
-will

2006-11-13 [xido]: I was really impressed by the fact that the pegasus was the child of medusa... weird.

I added to pegasus anatomy, and the RPG page, plus some tidbits to the movie section.
-will

2006-11-13 [Elisha Kelly]: that is an awesome anatomical wiki [xido]!!!!!

2006-11-13 [xido]: Thanks buddy, I'm glad you like it. ;)
I just want to be able to help out as much as I can. This is for a good cause, so I would love to see the first creature do well, and inspire others to do the same in the future. ;D

I also hope the APA format reference for D&D will work for RPG data.
-will

2006-11-13 [Elisha Kelly]: :) well the detail is great...

2006-11-13 [Dark Side of the Moon]: asking my question again if anyone can help: for the writing wikis for this, does the usual UAR apply for images (inlining, free art, etc.)? I've got a couple images that I've found in MS Clipart that I would like to use. If someone could let me know I would appreciate it!

2006-11-13 [xido]: Because of the way it was worded by Hedda in the main page rules, I felt that the only space that I could include a non-unique image was in the RPG Pegasus section, where I posted an image specifically created by D&D for D&D, and accompanying D&D info... I would have to say that the UAR rules apply in this way, and it should be your own image...
But that is not to say that you could not use the clip art as an inspiration for your own drawing/painting/etc.
That is how I interpreted the rules laid out.
-will

2006-11-13 [Dark Side of the Moon]: 'preciate it! Thanks! :)

2006-11-14 [xido]: [Elisha Kelly], [stevedoyle], [Sylvia Rote], [Guardian], [lyubomir], [Skydancer], and [Dark Side of the Moon], you are all very excellent workers, and I can see that this wiki is certainly going to be worth the work. Now what will be hard is deciding which one of the contributors will be the winner of being most helpful... Everything here is amazing help!
-will

2006-11-28 [lyubomir]: mmm [Skydancer] ??? ...i think ^^

2006-11-28 [Guardian]: Yeah, probably [Skydancer]

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