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2007-12-23 06:15:56
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GN 100

Teacher: [Magus Ferox]

Guten Tag! Wie geht's?

My name is [Magus Ferox], and I'll be sharing with you the things that I learn in my German 100 class, a college level course in speaking conversational German. Keep in mind, I'm not a native German, so if you are and you find errors here, your help is most appreciated.


Das Alphabet
Pronunciation list for the 26 characters of the alphabet, plus 4 special character.
a "ah" b "beh" c "tseh" d "deh" e "eh" f "eff" g "geh" h "hah" i "ih" j "jot" k "kah" l "ell" m "emm" n "enn" o "oh" p "peh" q "kuh" r "err" s "ess" t "teh" u "uh" v "fau" w "weh" x "iks" y "üeppsilon" z "tsett"

ä "ae" ö "oe" ü "ue" Umlauts appear as two small dots over the a, o, and u. 
ß "ess-tsett," pronounced as a double "s" (ss)

Note: "sp" at the beginning of the word is read as "shp", "st" as "sht".
The sound "sh" is in German written "sch"

German Pronuciation 2

Das Zählen von 1 bis 1.000
Counting from one to 1,000. Note that German numbers never have a space between the individual words, and that they use the decimal point instead of commas.
0=null 1=eins 2=zwei 3=drei 4=vier 5=fünf 6=sechs 7=sieben 8=acht
9=neun 10=zehn 11=elf 12=zwölf 13=dreizehn 14=vierzehn 15=fünfzehn 16=sechzehn 
17=siebzehn 18=achtzehn 
19=neunzehn 20=zwanzig 21=einundzwanzig 22=zweiundzwanzig  23=dreiundzwanzig 24=vierundzwanzig 25=fünfundzwanzig 26=sechsundzwanzig 
28=achtundzwanzig 29=neunundzwanzig 30=dreißig

From here, now that you see the pattern, it continues in much the same fashion, with the numeral in the ones position proceeding the number in the tens position, separated by the word "und" which means "and" in English. And always, never place any spaces between the words.

40=vierzig 50=fünfzig 60=sechzig  70=siebzig 80=achtzig 90=neunzig 100=hundert (or "einhundert")  101=hunderteins 1.000=tausend

In German, there are three groups of nouns. Masculine, feminine, and neuter. They are indicated by the definite article that precedes each noun. (der=m die=f das=n) These definite articles funstion like the English definite article, "the." In the vocab list below, the nouns are given in boldface, preceded by their definite article, and those that have a plural form, have a ,- after the word. These letters get tacked on to the end of the word, and any umlauts are placed on the A O or U closest to the end of the word."Die" also serves to indicate plurals, when you change the noun to make a plural, it becomes feminine. Also note that the first letter of all nouns are always capitalized.


Nouns nouns2

Verbs are used with subject pronouns, and have to be conjugated. To conjugate a verb, remove the "en" ending, and add the new ending based on the desired subject pronoun.

Subject Pronouns Translated
-I du -you (familiar) er -he, it es -it sie -she, it wir -we ihr -you (familiar pl.) sie -they Sie -you (formal, sg. and pl.)

In spoken German, the meanings of sie (she), sie (they) and Sie (you) can be distinguished by the corresponding verb forms and by context. In written german, Sie (you) is always capitalized.

sie + singular verb form = she
sie + plural verb form = they
Sie + plural verb form = you (formal)

Conjugating Verbs
Each subject pronoun has its own verb form. Taking the verb, remove the "en" ending to create the stem. Place the desired subject pronoun before the verb, or in some cases, after the verb. (Will elaborate in Sentence Structure) Add the letters designated for that subject pronoun for the new ending.

Ich- "e"
du- "st"
er, sie, es- "t"
wir- "en"
ihr- "t"
sie, Sie- "en"

In verbs whose stem ends in d, t or n, add "e" for forms du, er/sie/es, and ihr.

Ich brauche- I need
du brauchst- you need
er/sie/es braucht- he/she/it needs
wir brauchen- we need
ihr braucht- you(familiar pl.) need
sie brauchen- they need
Sie brauchen- you (formal sg. and pl.) need

Ich arbeite- I work
du arbeitest- you work
er/sie/es arbeitet- he/she/it works
wir arbeiten- we work
ihr arbeitet- you (familiar pl.) work
sie arbeiten- they work
Sie arbeiten- you (formal sg. and pl.) work

Some verbs are irregular. They have different endings for their conjugation, and some even change their stem.



Sentence structure is almost nonexistant in German, though as a rule the verb is always in the second postion, and the noun at the end.

Ich heiße [Magus Ferox]. I am called [Magus Ferox].
Wie heißt du? How are you called?

Word order ususally has expressions of time preceding expressions of place.
Monika geht heute Abend ins Kino.
Robert war gestern nicht dort.

Monika goes to the movie theater this evening.
Robert didn't go there yesterday.

English usually uses word order to signal the difference between a subject and a direct object. The usual word-order pattern is statements is subject, verb, and direct object. These two sentences, in English, have very different meanings.
Subject      Verb    Direct object
The man      visits   the professor.
The professor   visits   the man.

German, on the other hand, uses case to signal the difference between subject and a direct object.

More later...


A great list of German sayings-

More to come! Questions? Please ask in the Comments bar.


Back to Languages or the Elftown Academy


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2003-03-28 [Anathoth]: zweitausendfünfhundertsiebenunddreißig!!!! *dances* 2734. And that's how you actually write it out, with NO spaces between.

2003-04-24 [hippo]: argh.. wrong wrong.. its zweitausendsiebenhundertvierunddreißig.. and about your 100 problem: 100 = einhundert 101= hunderteins OR einhunderteins

2003-04-25 [Anathoth]: Oh. Damn! *hides* Hehe, Thanks Hippo! :D

2003-05-08 [Oscura]: I think that in "Robert war gestern nicht heir." is a mistake. I think it's "hier" and not "heir". or do you mean "dort"? I thaught that "didn't go there " means "ging nicht dorthin" ? And one more: You can say "Das Zählen" or "Die Zahlen von 1 bis 1'000", but not "Das Zahlen", because "Das Zahlen" means that what you do when you give money for a product.

2003-06-15 [LoneTears]: Wow, this is great, I've always wanted to learn SOMETHING German....

2003-09-12 [Aradon Templar]: wow! this could help in my German I class!!!

2003-11-14 [Thraganux]: weird... just from listening to music like rammstein, megaherz, and blumchen i can understand snippets of german

2003-11-24 [LoneTears]: whoo hoo, go rammstein

2003-11-28 [veli]: "Einhundert" is 100, NOT 101. I've changed that.

2004-04-05 [zela]: Wie heisst du? just means how are you? not how are you called

2004-04-15 [Sturmi]: "Wie heisst du?" means "What's your name?".      Es sollte "Die Zahlen" oder "Das Zählen" sein, nicht "Das Zahlen" da oben...

2004-04-21 [Sturmi]: hello?

2004-05-13 [Nyaah*]: god damnit my german is crap O_o gimmi 1 more year and my english will be better than my german...dont try to learn it!!! im learining it since 18 years and i still cant speak it properly :/

2004-06-05 [XdeAdbaByAngelX]: Hi, i know this may osund stupid but i was just wondering if some one could help me a little bit because i think i am bout to blow my german final in school. I am so lost in this language... so if some one could help id be really apreciative

2004-06-07 [Blonka]: wow you have help my german alot cause its kinda close to english and i speak english so im trying i just wanna say thak you

2004-06-07 [Scooz]: Is "Langeweile" how you say boredom or I am bored?

2004-06-13 [Loneliness]: Guten Tag!

2004-06-13 [Loneliness]: wie gehts?

2004-06-13 [Loneliness]: Guten Tag?

2004-06-17 [Sturmi]: Tag Elte. Es scheint, diese wiki hier ist ganz vergessen. "Langweilig" means boring and "Mir ist es langweilig" is I'm bored, [Scooz]

2004-06-17 [Scooz]: Ah, thanx very much

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