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2007-12-23 06:15:56
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GN 100




Teacher: [Magus Ferox]


Guten Tag! Wie geht's?

My name is [Magus Ferox], and I'll be sharing with you the things that I learn in my German 100 class, a college level course in speaking conversational German. Keep in mind, I'm not a native German, so if you are and you find errors here, your help is most appreciated.


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Das Alphabet
Pronunciation list for the 26 characters of the alphabet, plus 4 special character.
a "ah" b "beh" c "tseh" d "deh" e "eh" f "eff" g "geh" h "hah" i "ih" j "jot" k "kah" l "ell" m "emm" n "enn" o "oh" p "peh" q "kuh" r "err" s "ess" t "teh" u "uh" v "fau" w "weh" x "iks" y "üeppsilon" z "tsett"

ä "ae" ö "oe" ü "ue" Umlauts appear as two small dots over the a, o, and u. 
ß "ess-tsett," pronounced as a double "s" (ss)

Note: "sp" at the beginning of the word is read as "shp", "st" as "sht".
The sound "sh" is in German written "sch"

German Pronuciation 2


Das Zählen von 1 bis 1.000
Counting from one to 1,000. Note that German numbers never have a space between the individual words, and that they use the decimal point instead of commas.
0=null 1=eins 2=zwei 3=drei 4=vier 5=fünf 6=sechs 7=sieben 8=acht
9=neun 10=zehn 11=elf 12=zwölf 13=dreizehn 14=vierzehn 15=fünfzehn 16=sechzehn 
17=siebzehn 18=achtzehn 
19=neunzehn 20=zwanzig 21=einundzwanzig 22=zweiundzwanzig  23=dreiundzwanzig 24=vierundzwanzig 25=fünfundzwanzig 26=sechsundzwanzig 
27=siebenundzwanzig 
28=achtundzwanzig 29=neunundzwanzig 30=dreißig

From here, now that you see the pattern, it continues in much the same fashion, with the numeral in the ones position proceeding the number in the tens position, separated by the word "und" which means "and" in English. And always, never place any spaces between the words.

40=vierzig 50=fünfzig 60=sechzig  70=siebzig 80=achtzig 90=neunzig 100=hundert (or "einhundert")  101=hunderteins 1.000=tausend


In German, there are three groups of nouns. Masculine, feminine, and neuter. They are indicated by the definite article that precedes each noun. (der=m die=f das=n) These definite articles funstion like the English definite article, "the." In the vocab list below, the nouns are given in boldface, preceded by their definite article, and those that have a plural form, have a ,- after the word. These letters get tacked on to the end of the word, and any umlauts are placed on the A O or U closest to the end of the word."Die" also serves to indicate plurals, when you change the noun to make a plural, it becomes feminine. Also note that the first letter of all nouns are always capitalized.


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Vokabeln
Nouns nouns2


Verbs are used with subject pronouns, and have to be conjugated. To conjugate a verb, remove the "en" ending, and add the new ending based on the desired subject pronoun.

Subject Pronouns Translated
Ich
-I du -you (familiar) er -he, it es -it sie -she, it wir -we ihr -you (familiar pl.) sie -they Sie -you (formal, sg. and pl.)

In spoken German, the meanings of sie (she), sie (they) and Sie (you) can be distinguished by the corresponding verb forms and by context. In written german, Sie (you) is always capitalized.

sie + singular verb form = she
sie + plural verb form = they
Sie + plural verb form = you (formal)

Conjugating Verbs
Each subject pronoun has its own verb form. Taking the verb, remove the "en" ending to create the stem. Place the desired subject pronoun before the verb, or in some cases, after the verb. (Will elaborate in Sentence Structure) Add the letters designated for that subject pronoun for the new ending.

Ich- "e"
du- "st"
er, sie, es- "t"
wir- "en"
ihr- "t"
sie, Sie- "en"

In verbs whose stem ends in d, t or n, add "e" for forms du, er/sie/es, and ihr.

EXAMPLES:
Ich brauche- I need
du brauchst- you need
er/sie/es braucht- he/she/it needs
wir brauchen- we need
ihr braucht- you(familiar pl.) need
sie brauchen- they need
Sie brauchen- you (formal sg. and pl.) need

Ich arbeite- I work
du arbeitest- you work
er/sie/es arbeitet- he/she/it works
wir arbeiten- we work
ihr arbeitet- you (familiar pl.) work
sie arbeiten- they work
Sie arbeiten- you (formal sg. and pl.) work


Some verbs are irregular. They have different endings for their conjugation, and some even change their stem.

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Vokabeln
Verbs2

Sentence structure is almost nonexistant in German, though as a rule the verb is always in the second postion, and the noun at the end.

Ich heiße [Magus Ferox]. I am called [Magus Ferox].
Wie heißt du? How are you called?

Word order ususally has expressions of time preceding expressions of place.
             
Monika geht heute Abend ins Kino.
Robert war gestern nicht dort.

Monika goes to the movie theater this evening.
Robert didn't go there yesterday.

English usually uses word order to signal the difference between a subject and a direct object. The usual word-order pattern is statements is subject, verb, and direct object. These two sentences, in English, have very different meanings.
Subject      Verb    Direct object
The man      visits   the professor.
The professor   visits   the man.

German, on the other hand, uses case to signal the difference between subject and a direct object.

More later...

Links!!

A great list of German sayings- http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Hall/1238/sayings.html


More to come! Questions? Please ask in the Comments bar.


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2004-06-17 [Scooz]: Ah, thanx very much

2004-06-17 [Sturmi]: you're welcome ^_^

2004-06-20 [Loneliness]: im not that good at german sturmi.....i just know a few things.

2004-06-20 [Sturmi]: hehe, ok :p

2004-06-29 [the 5th apocalyptic horseman]: lol well im native german, but after being in canada for 10 month i speak more english than german for some reason. oh well, soon going back, i'll learn it again... so whatcha pplz doin here?

2004-11-24 [amyleewolf14]: Guten Abend!

2004-11-24 [Yiwerra]: Guten Abend! siebenhundertdreiundvierzigtausendzweihundertachtundfünfzig mal hallo!

2004-11-24 [amyleewolf14]: lol... that took me a minute to understand.. i had to get pen and paper... lol... im taking german 1 at my school (and only 2nd quarter), so i'll understand some things and not others... but i'll try my best... ^.^ .... so... wie geht's?

2004-11-25 [Yiwerra]: awwww thats so sweet!! :D :D  cant really believe people learn german! i mean .. o.O like who even wants to go to germany?? XD hehe. sorry for the numbers.. i just wanted to make fun, it took even for me a little time to write it down XD so you also got 743 258?? :D  .. hehe ^-^  mir geht's gut! :D und dir? :D

2004-11-25 [amyleewolf14]: well it was either spanish, french, or german... i wanted to take german originally then my family was like "romance languages are easier" so i asked for french which was taken so i stuck with german (even tho i SHOULD take spanish cuz of business and such but o well)... so ive been in it for a lil while... i dunno if my german that im taking would help me in germany anyways cuz it really depends on where ur going... but yeah... yay! ^.^ i got the numbers right... lol... XD.... sehr gut danke!

2004-11-25 [Yiwerra]: oooh i understand :D ..well im sure the german you learn helps you here!! :D well sure people have different accents, but thats the same everywhere, isnt it ^-^ 

2004-11-25 [amyleewolf14]: true... very true... but its not just the accents... there's different versions really... like theres a big difference between northern and southern germany... some use slang and some use formal... so it depends on where you go... and austria speaks german but its a different form...

2004-11-25 [Sturmi]: nah. But they're all supposed to know the "normal" german, so you should be able to talk to them anyway

2004-11-25 [Yiwerra]: yep. austrians are weird, i agree. and yea there are accents... but beside some words i dont think there's such a big difference o.O  muhaha, just dont go to bavaria XD

2004-12-02 [Nyaah*]: moin moin as we say here in north germany ^^ wasnt here for ages!

2004-12-02 [Nyaah*]: about what [Yiwerra] said:bavarians..they do understand YOU and YOU understand the "younger" people..but dont try to talk to a grandmother, trust me i tried it and i was shocked that i didnt understand ONE WORD! there are some words that are only used in some parts of germany.the salutations goes from "moin moin" in the north to "servus" or even "grützi" in the south! and there are a lot of small things like the word "feudel" (mop). i really didnt know that already people in berlin (and berlin isnt too far away from where i live) dont know that word feudel O_o they say "wisch mopp"... and we say "pfannkucken" (pancak) and they say "eierkuche", they call pfannkuchen what we call "berliner"

2004-12-02 [Nyaah*]: and in bavarian they say "krapfen" for berliner (pfannkuchen..) O_o

2004-12-02 [Yiwerra]: damn =S exactly. weird.... but i guess its the same everywhere. :) i do get people from texas but forget bristol.. i dont get a word of their english =s

2004-12-02 [Sunrose]: I think there is no country in the world where they have no dialects, since that's basically what they are... :)

2004-12-02 [amyleewolf14]: even in english people pronounce things differently... like new orleans... for example...

2004-12-03 [Nyaah*]: they even write it totaly diffrent O_o

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